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Lee Perry

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(This page covers both Jamaican record producer Lee "Scratch" Perry, aka the Upsetter, and his studio band, the Upsetters. For the backing band of Little Richard, see Upsetters(2).)

"The Kenny Dalglish of reggae"
(Peel bestows the ultimate superlative, 14 February 1979)

Lee Perry - Croaking Lizard03:26

Lee Perry - Croaking Lizard

Lee Perry - Croaking Lizard
A Peelenium choice for 1976

Lee "Scratch" Perry (born Rainford Hugh Perry, 20 March 1936, Kendal, Jamaica) is a musician and producer who has been influential in the development and acceptance of reggae and dub music in Jamaica and overseas. He employs numerous pseudonyms, including Pipecock Jackxon and The Upsetter.

In the early 1970s Lee Scratch Perry was one of the producers whose mixing board experiments resulted in the creation of dub. In 1973, Perry built a studio in his back yard, The Black Ark, to have more control over his productions and continued to produce notable musicians such as Bob Marley & the Wailers, Junior Byles, Junior Murvin, The Heptones, The Congos and Max Romeo. With his own studio at his disposal, Perry's productions became more lavish, as the energetic producer was able to spend as much time as he wanted on the music he produced. Virtually everything Perry recorded in The Black Ark was done using basic recording equipment; through sonic sleight-of-hand, Perry made it sound unique. Perry remained behind the mixing desk for many years, producing songs and albums that stand out as a high point in reggae history. By 1978, stress and unwanted outside influences began to take their toll: both Perry and The Black Ark quickly fell into a state of disrepair. Eventually, the studio burned to the ground. Perry has constantly insisted that he burned the Black Ark himself in a fit of rage … (read more at Wikipedia)

Links to Peel

Peel was a huge fan of Perry and played his records consistently down the decades, selecting 'Croaking Lizard' from the landmark 'Super Ape' album for the 1976 Peelenium. After DJ's death, five Perry-produced singles were found in John Peel's Record Box.

Festive Fifty Entries

  • None


  • None


John Peel's Record Box

Peel's box of 142 favourite singles featured five produced by Perry.

Lee Scratch Perry - Baffling Smoke Signal06:15

Lee Scratch Perry - Baffling Smoke Signal

Lee Scratch Perry - Bafflin' Smoke Signal

  • Upsetters: Bucky Skank / Yucky Skank (Down Town) 1973
  • Upsetters: Key Card / Domino Game (DL International) 1975
  • Versalites / Lee Perry & The Upsetters: Cutting Razor / Black Belt Jones (DL International) 1974
  • Lee Perry: Bafflin' Smoke Signal / Black Smoke Signal (Black Ark) 1978
  • Max Romeo: Sipple Out Deh' /Revelation (Upsetter) 1976

Shows Played

(The list below, compiled from the database of this site, features only releases issued under Lee Perry's own name, aliases such as "Scratch" or the "Upsetter", or credited to his backing band, the Upsetters, and excludes Perry's production work with other artists. For such details, please search under the name of the individual artist. Please add more information if known.)







  • 28 January 1986: Waap You Waa (v/a 3 x LP - The Upsetter Box Set) Trojan
  • 22 April 1986: Patience Dub (LP - Scratch The Super Ape) Upsetter
  • 24 June 1986: Introducing Myself [LP - Battle Of Armagideon (Millionaire Liquidator)] Trojan
  • 04 May 1987: De Devil Dead (LP - Time Boom X De Devil Dead) On-U Sound
  • 29 July 1987 (with the Flying Vicars & Sir Freddy Viaduct): Scratch On The Wire (LP - Bugs On The Wire) Leghorn


  • 26 October 1991 (King Tubby & The Upsetter): King And The Upsetter At Spanish Town (LP-At The Grass Roots of Dub) Studio 16
Lee Perry - Kimble03:20

Lee Perry - Kimble

A later cover version may be familiar to Fall fans.

  • 14 March 1992: Perry’s Mood (CD – Excaliburman) Seven Leaves
  • 22 March 1992 (BFBS): Perry's Mood (CD - Excaliburman) Seven Leaves
  • 01 May 1992: Kimble (LP-Joe Gibbs And Friends: The Reggae Train 1968-71) Trojan
  • 10 May 1992 (BFBS): Kimble (Comp. LP - The Reggae Train: Joe Gibbs & Friends 1968 - 1971) Trojan
  • 29 May 1992: I Am The Upsetter (album - Explosive Rock Steady Joe Gibbs Amalgamated Label 1967 to 1973) Heartbeat
  • 12 November 1994: Don’t Blame The Baldhead (Various Artists 2xCD - Respect To Studio One ) Heartbeat Records
  • 07 February 2000 (BFBS) (& I Roy): Space Flight (Compilation CD-Lee Perry & Friends - Chapter 2 Of 'Words')' (Trojan)
  • 15 February 2000: Dyon Anaswa (7” single) Orchid
  • 19 February 2000 (BFBS): Dyon Anaswa (7" single) Orchid
  • 21 March 2000: Ironfist (7”) Clocktower
  • 30 March 2000: Uncle Desmond (album - The Upsetter - Essential Madness From The Scratch Files) Metro
  • 02 April 2000 (BFBS): Cow Thief Skank (CD-The Upsetter-Essential Madness From The Scratch Files) Metro
  • 05 April 2000: Kimble (LP – Essential Madness From The Scratch Files) Metro
  • 06 April 2000: Cow Thief Skank (CD-The Upsetter-Essential Madness From The Scratch Files) Metro
  • 06 April 2000 (Radio Eins): Uncle Desmond (album - The Upsetter - Essential Madness From The Scratch Files) Metro
  • 16 April 2000 (BFBS): Bathroom Skank (CD-The Upsetter-Essential Madness From The Scratch Files) Metro
  • 18 April 2000: What A Botheration (LP: Essential Madness from the Scratch Files) Metro
  • 19 April 2000: Cowthief Skank (LP: Essential Madness from the Scratch Files) Metro
  • 27 April 2000: The Upsetter (LP – Essential Madness From The Scratch Files) Metro
  • 01 June 2000 (Radio Eins): Fist Of Fury (comp album - The Upsetter - Essential Madness From The Scratch Files) Metro

External Links

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